What Is Dementia ?

Dementia is an overall term used to describe a wide range of symptoms associated with the deterioration of functions including:

  • Memory
  • Thinking
  • Behaviour
  • Ability to perform everyday activities

Dementia interferes with your ability to do things you used to be able to manage, such as looking after yourself.

Dementia is a progressive illness, which means it will affect your abilities and more areas of your life.

It can and does affect people of any age, but is more common after the age of 65 years.

Types of Dementia

There are many different types of dementia. Here are a list of some of the more common ones:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Vascular dementia
  • Mixed dementia (combination of more than one dementia)
  • Dementia with Lewy Bodies
  • Frontal Lobe (or Frontotemporal) dementia (also known as Pick’s disease)
  • Posterior Cortical Atrophy
  • Korsakoff’s Syndrome

Dementia can also accompany other conditions:

  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s
  • Down Syndrome

Symptoms of Dementia

Dementia is not just about memory loss.

Symptoms will differ from one person to another, but can affect:

  • Orientation
  • Perception
  • Understanding
  • Memory
  • Decision-making
  • Ability to learn
  • Communication
  • Judgement

Life doesn’t end with a diagnosis of dementia – you can still live life well with understanding and the right support.